Salt Lake
West Side Stories



A Blog Series about the History of Salt Lake's West Side


Selected Readings and Sources


We have drawn from the writings of many scholars along with a number of primary sources to write Salt Lake West Side Stories. The sources we used for each blog post are listed below. Sources are listed in the order we used them to write each post. We invite you to read further about the history of Salt Lake City by studying the sources listed below.
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Posts One through Three:

Carol Edison, “South Sea Islanders in Utah,” Utah’s History Encyclopedia (1994). See:  https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/s/SOUTH_SEA_ISLANDERS_IN_UTAH.shtml.

Richard L. Jensen, “Immigration to Utah,” Utah History Encyclopedia, See: https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/i/IMMIGRATION.shtml.

Matthew Kester, Remembering Iosepa: History, Place, and Religion in the American West, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Post Four: Pre-European settlement, Crossroads and the Idea of Home:

Scott J. Eldridge and Fred R. Gowans, “The Fur Trade in Utah” in the Utah History Encyclopedia, https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/f/FUR_TRADE.shtml.

Todd Cromar, “75th Hill Air Force Base Public Affairs, “Archaeologists discover proof of wetlands, ancient life on the Utah Test and Training Range,” July 22, 2016. https://www.hill.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/853362/archaeologists-discover-proof-of-wetlands-ancient-life-on-the-utah-test-and-tra/.

Dale L. Morgan, Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West (Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1953), 214.

Maximilian Dörrbecker, “The exploration of the West by Jedediah Smith,” August 2006, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jedediah_Smith#/media/File:JedediahSmithEnglishVersion.png

Sondra G. Jones, Being and Becoming Ute: The Story of An American People  (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2019).

Thomas G. Alexander, Brigham Young and the Expansion of the Mormon Faith (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2019), 71-105, 271-304, 330-331.


Posts Five through Seven: The Mormon Pioneer Fort:

Randall Dixon, “From Emigration Canyon to City Creek: Pioneer Trail and Campsites in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847,” Seven Canyon’s Trust, https://sevencanyonstrust.org/blog/emigration-canyon-city-creek.

Thomas G. Alexander, Brigham Young and the Expansion of the Mormon Faith (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2019), 76-85, 328.

Pamela Perlich, “Utah's Ongoing Demographic Transformation: A View Fifty Years into the Future,” Jan 10, 2018, Charles Redd Center for Western Studies, Brigham Young University,  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=53P_gnZ7khM.

Julie Osborne, “From Pioneer Fort to Pioneer Park,” Beehive History 22 – The Spirit of Pioneering, 54, 3 (1996): 16-20. https://archive.org/stream/SUPPM20073/SUPPM-2007-3_djvu.txt.

Fred E. Woods, “The Arrival of Nineteenth-Century Mormon Emigrants in Salt Lake City,” Brigham Young University Religious Study Center,  https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/salt-lake-city/11-arrival-nineteenth-century-mormon-emigrants-salt-lake-city.

Eugene E. Campbell, Establishing Zion, The Mormon Church in the American West, 1847-1869, Signature Books, Salt Lake City, 1988, 1-40. See http://signaturebookslibrary.org/the-mormon-church-in-the-american-west-1847-1869/.

Craig D. Galli, “Building Zion: The Latter-day Saint Legacy of Urban Planning,” BYU Studies, 44, 1 ( 2005): 111-136,  https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3682&context=byusq.

Shane A Baker, At Rest in Zion, The Archaeology of Salt Lake City’s First Pioneer Cemetery, Occasional Paper #14, In Museum of Peoples and Cultures, ed. Dr. Joel Janetski, Museum of Peoples and Cultures, Brigham Young University, 2011.

Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Utah, 1540 to 1886 (San Francisco: The History Company, 1889), 252-305,

https://archive.org/details/historyofutah01banc/page/n6.

James E. Squire to Col. Noble, July 18, 1849, “From the City of the Great Salt Lake,” Letter, in "Letters by Forty-Niners Written from Great Salt Lake City in 1849,” in Western Humanities Review 3 (April 1949): 106-110. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.31822035076900&view=1up&seq=12

Don Gale, Bags to Riches: The Story of I. J. Wagner (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2007), 7-8.

Bill Shepard and H. Michael Marquardt, “Mortal Enemies: Mormons and Missourians 1839-1944,” John Whitmer Historical Association, 38, 1 (2016):  35-80.

Posts Eight through Eleven: Pioneer Park and Utah’s Railroads

Young to Thomas L. Kane, January 31, 1854, Letter, Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Vault MSS 792, series 3 subseries 7, subseries 1, item 4, box 15, folder 2), https://cdm15999.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p15999coll22/id/6

Ronald W. Walker, Wayward Saints: The Social and Religious Protests of the Godbeites Against Brigham Young (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2009), 128-169.  

Brigham D. Madsen, Corinne: The Gentile Capital of Utah ( Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1980), 2-3.

Brigham Young, “Salvation Temporal and Spiritual—Self-Sustaining—Civilization,” Journal of Discourses by President Brigham Young, His Two Counsellors, the Twelve Apostles, and Others, 289, https://jod.mrm.org/12/281.

Craig Smith, “Overview and History of Utah Zoning, April 2, 2014,” 1-4.

“Our History, Serving with Integrity since 1851” History of the Salt Lake City Police Department, http://www.slcpd.com/about/history/.

Don Strack, “Bamberger Railroad,” UtahRails.Net http://utahrails.net/utahrails/bamberger.php.

--- “The Salt Lake & Utah Railroad.” UtahRails.Net, http://utahrails.net/utahrails/salt-lake-utah.php.

---- “Salt Lake, Garfield & Western Railway, Salt Lake & Los Angeles Railway,” Utah Rails.net, http://utahrails.net/utahrails/slgw.php.

Carolyn Butler-Palmer, “Building Autonomy: A History of the Fifteen Ward Hall of the Mormon’s Relief Society,” Buildings & Landscape: Journal of Vernacular Architectural Forum, 20, 1 (Spring 2013): 69-94.

Emmeline B. Wells. Ed., Charities and Philanthropies. Woman's Work in Utah (Salt Lake City, George Q. Cannon & Sons Co., 1893), https://archive.org/details/charitiesphilant00well.

Warehouse District (Salt Lake City, Utah), Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warehouse_District_(Salt_Lake_City,_Utah).

Ron Fox, “The Liberty Bell in Salt Lake City 100 Years Ago,” Deseret News, July 10, 2015.



Posts Twelve through Seventeen: Late 19th and early 20th Century Neighborhood Developments

Julie Osborne, “From Pioneer Fort to Pioneer Park,” Beehive History 22 – The Spirit of Pioneering, 54, 3 (1996): 16-20. https://archive.org/stream/SUPPM20073/SUPPM-2007-3_djvu.txt.

Benjamin M. Cater, Health, Medicine, and Power in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, 1869-1945 (Salt Lake City, University of Utah, December 2012), https://collections.lib.utah.edu/dl_files/2e/ea/2eea33b1d06795a95867f929265aa85665815ae2.pdf.

“Lake City: Key Map,” 1889, Special Collections, J. Marriott Library, University of Utah, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6sq99nj.

Eileen Hallet Stone, A Homeland in the West, Utah Jews Remember, (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2001), 3-20.

David R. Green, “1883: Salt Lake City Jews Dedicate a Shul of Their Own,” Haaretz.com, September 30, 2014, https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/.premium-1883-salt-lake-city-gets-own-shul-1.5309113.

Stanley S. Postma, P.E. et. al., Carter & Burgess, Inc., the Utah Department of Transportation Research Division, I-15 Corridor, Reconstruction Project, Design/Build Evaluation, 2000 Annual Report,3-3, https://www.udot.utah.gov/main/uconowner.gf?n=200309261825482.

John Crus interview, in Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah, Leslie G. Kelen and Eileen Hallet Stone, eds., (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2002), 288-294.

Don Strack, “Meat Packing Industry in Salt Lake City” UtahRails.net,  http://utahrails.net/industries/meat-packing-salt-lake.php.

“Local and Other Matters,” April 4, 1883, The Deseret News.

Michael Hunter, “A Time for Change: Improving Salt Lake City, 1890-1925,” Pioneer, Sons of the Utah Pioneers (Autumn, 2003).

“Cleaning Up the City,” January 12, 1914, Chamber History, Salt Lake Chamber of Commerce, https://slchamber.com/cleaning-up-the-city/.

“Councilmen Holds Different Views, Marin is One of Strongest Supporters of Mayor’s Plan for Restricted District, EXPRESSED DECIDED VIEW,” December 10, 1908.

Utah Department of Natural Resources, UGS Aerial Imagery Collection (part of Utah’s Automated Geographic Reference Center (AGRC), https://geodata.geology.utah.gov/imagery/.

Joe Frost, “Evolution of American Playgrounds,” Scholarpedia 7(12): 30423. http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Evolution_of_American_Playgrounds#Early_Development_of_Built_Playgrounds

Post Eighteen:

Richard O. Ulibarri, “Utah’s Ethnic Minorities: A Survey” Utah Historical Quarterly, 40, 3 (1972): 210-232.

John McCormick, The Gathering Place: An Illustrated History of Salt Lake City (Salt Lake City, 2000), 105-121.

U.S. Immigration Legislation, ed. Sarah Starkweather, University of Washington-Bothell, http://library.uwb.edu/Static/USimmigration/USimmigrationlegislation.html.

Thomas Alexander, “Utah’s Constitution: A Reflection of the Territorial Experience,” Utah Historical Quarterly 64, 3 (1996): 264-281, https://issuu.com/utah10/docs/uhq_volume64_1996_number3


Post Nineteen: Brokers of Human Capital

Jeffrey D. Nicholas, “The Fall of Skliris, “Czar of the Greeks, History Blazer, December 1996. See:  https://historytogo.utah.gov/greek-czar/

Phillip F. Notarianni, “Italian Fraternal Organizations in Utah, 1897-1934,” Utah Historical Quarterly, 1975, vol. 43, no. 2, 172-187. This whole issue deals with immigrants and mining.

Notarianni, “Utah’s Ellis Island: the Difficult Americanization of Carbon County” Being Different, Stories of Utah Minorities, Favorite Readings from the Utah Historical Quarterly, Stanford J Layton, ed., (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2001), 167-182.

Utah Humanities, “Padrone System Stifled Freedom,” April 21, 2017, Utah Stories from the Beehive Archive, https://www.utahhumanities.org/stories/items/show/318

“Leonidas Skliris: Czar of the Greeks,” April 17, 2012, Utah Stories from the Beehive Archivehttps://www.utahhumanities.org/stories/items/show/237

Gibbs, M. Smith, Joe Hill, (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1969), 115-134.

Helen Papanikolas, “Toil and Rage in a New Land: the Greek Immigrant in Utah,” Utah Historical Quarterly, 38, 2 (1970): 100-120, https://issuu.com/utah10/docs/uhq_volume38_1970_number2.

Helen Z. Papanikolas, ed., The Peoples of Utah, Utah State Historical Society, 1976, 409-435.

Post Twenty: The Importance of Benevolent and Mutual Aid Organizations   

Benjamin M. Carter, Health, Medicine, and Power in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, 1869-1945 (PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 2012), 87-79, 199-200, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/dl_files/2e/ea/2eea33b1d06795a95867f929265aa85665815ae2.pdf.

Marilyn J. Field and Harold T. Shapiro, Eds. “Origins and Evolution of Employment-Based Health Benefits,” in Employment and Health Benefits: a Connection at Risk, (Washington D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993), 49-86, https://www.nap.edu/read/2044/chapter/4.

Posts Twenty-One and Twenty-Two: Overlapping Waves of Immigrant Communities

Philip F. Notarianni, Mining in Utah, Utah History Encyclopedia. See:  https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/m/MINING.shtml

Helen Papanikolas, “Life and Labor among the Immigrants of Brigham Canyon, Utah,” Being Different, Stories of Utah Minorities, Favorite Readings from the Utah Historical Quarterly, Stanford J Layton, Ed., (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2001).

Joseph Stipanovich, “South Slav Settlements in Utah, 1890-1935” Utah Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, Number 2, (1975): 57-73, https://issuu.com/utah10/docs/uhq_volume43_1975_number2

Post Twenty-two: The Jewish American Community

Leon L. Watters, The Pioneer Jews of Utah, (New York: American Jewish Historical Society), 1952.

David R. Green, “1883: Salt Lake City Jews Dedicate a Shul of Their Own,”  September 30, 2014, This Day in Jewish History Haaretz.com,

https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/.premium-1883-salt-lake-city-gets-own-shul-1.5309113.

Juanita Brooks, The History of the Jews in Utah and Idaho (Salt Lake City, Western Epics), 1973.

Jack Goodman, “Jews in Zion,” in The Peoples of Utah, Helen Z. Papanikolas, Ed., Utah State Historical Society, 1976, 187-220.

Eileen Hallet Stone, A Homeland in the West, Utah Jews Remember, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 2001, p. 3-20.

Don Gale, Bags to Riches: the Story of I. J. Wagner (University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah) 2007, p. ix-44.


Post Twenty-three: Chinese American Community

Helen Z. Papanikolas, The Peoples of Utah, Utah State Historical Society, 1976, p. 251-278.

Daniel Liestman, “Utah’s Chinatowns: The Development and Decline of Extinct Ethnic Enclaves,” Utah Historical Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 3 (Summer 2004), p. 70-95. See https://issuu.com/utah10/docs/uhq_volume72_2004_number3.

Benjamin M. Carter, Health, Medicine, and Power in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, 1869-1945 (PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 2012), 87-79, 199-200, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/dl_files/2e/ea/2eea33b1d06795a95867f929265aa85665815ae2.pdf.

Walter Jones, “Chinese Vegetable Gardeners in Salt Lake City: A Study in Ethnic Dispersion and Short-Term Residential and Economic Integration,” presented at the meeting of the American Historical Association, Pacific Coast Branch in Tucson, Arizona, August 3, 2002.

Gordon S. Chang, Shelley Fisher Fishkin, Eds., The Chinese and the Iron Road: Building the Transcontinental Railroad (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2019).

Gordon S. Chang, Ghosts of Gold Mountain: The Epic Story of the Chinese Who Built the Transcontinental Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2019).

Salt Lake City Directories, 1885, 1886-1887, 1891.

James C. McNaughton, “Chinese-Americans in World War II,” May 16, 2000, U.S. Army Center of Military History, US Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) https://history.army.mil/html/topics/apam/chinese-americans.html.

Patrick Q. Mason, "The Prohibition of Interracial Marriage in Utah, 1888-1963." Utah Historical Quarterly 76,  2 (2008): 108-31.


Posts Twenty-four and Twenty-five: African American Community

Ronald G. Coleman, A History of Blacks in Utah, 1825-1910 (PhD dissertation, University of Utah, 1980), 80-91.

Ronald G. Coleman, “Blacks in Utah History: An Unknown Legacy,” In The Peoples of Utah, in Helen Z. Papanikolas, Ed., (Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1976).

Ronald G. Coleman, “Utah African American Community and Politics, 1890-1910,” Beehive History 19 (1993): 8-12, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/details?id=419874&q=Utah+African+American+Community+and+Politics%2C+1890-1910&facet_setname_s=dha_%2A.

Eleonore van Notten, Wallace Thurman, Harlem Renaissance, (Atlanta: Rodopi, 1994), 61-73.

Jeffrey D. Nichols, “The 24th Infantry Brought African American to Fort Douglas,” History Blazer, (1995), https://historytogo.utah.gov/african-americans-fort-douglas/.

Larry R. Gerlach, “Ku Klux Klan,” Utah History Encyclopedia, https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/k/KU_KLUX_KLAN.shtml.

Larry R. Gerlach, “A Battle of Empires: The Klan in Salt Lake City,” in The Invisible Empire in the West: Towards a New Historical Appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s , in Shawn Lay, Ed. (Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2004), 121-152.

Thomas G. Alexander, James B. Allen, Mormons & Gentiles: a History of Salt Lake City (Boulder: Pruett Publications Co., 1884), 119-120.

“Martyred Police of Salt Lake City, Officer Paid for Bravery With life In Arresting Shooting Bootblack.” August 12, 1941, Salt Lake Telegram, https://newspapers.lib.utah.edu/details?id=16933614&facet_paper="Salt+Lake+Telegram"&date_tdt=%5B1941-01-01T00%3A00%3A00.000Z+TO+%2A%5D&q=%28Andrew+AND+H.+AND+Burt%29.

“Lynching of Early Days at Salt Lake City,” March 30, 1920, Ogden Daily Standard.

“Lynching, Topic of BYU Lecture,” November 3, 1982, 4.

“Decrease in Lynching Habit,” January 16, 1913, The Logan Republican, https://newspapers.lib.utah.edu/details?id=4735933&facet_paper="Logan+Republican"&date_tdt=%5B1913-01-01T00%3A00%3A00.000Z+TO+%2A%5D&q=%28Lynching%29.

Larry R. Gerlach, Blazing Crosses in Zion: The Ku Klux Klan in Utah (Logan: Utah State University, 1982).

Legacy Museum and the National Memorial for Peace and Justice https://museumandmemorial.eji.org/memorial.

France Davis, “Light in the Midst of Zion,” History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2001), 290.

“The History of the Coon Chicken Inn – Anti-Black Imagery – Jim Crow Museum – Ferris State University.” https://www.ferris.edu/HTMLS/news/jimcrow/links/essays/chicken.htm

The Negro Travelers' Green Book. New York: Victor H. Green & Co., 1956. USC South Caroliniana Lib., Columbia, SC. <http://library.sc.edu/digital/collections/greenbook.html, 63.

Don Gale, Bags to Riches: the Story of I. J. Wagner Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 2007), 14.

Ronald G. Coleman, “African American Community,” In Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah, Leslie G. Kelen and Eileen Hallet Stone, Eds. (Logan: Utah State University Press: Logan, 2002), 91-95.   

Post Twenty-six: Italian Americans and Greek Americans Communities

Phillip F. Notarianni, interviewed by Brad Westwood, November 1, 2019. Notes in possession of the author.

Phillip Notarianni, “Utah’s Ellis Island: The Difficult ‘Americanization’ of Carbon County,” In Being Different: Stories of Utah’s Minorities, Stanford J. Layton, Ed., (Salt Lake City: Signature Book, 2001), 167-182.

Phillip Notarianni, “Italian Community,” In Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah, Leslie G. Kelen and Eileen Hallet Stone, Eds. (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2002), 247-254.

Phillip Notarianni, “Italiana in Utah: The Immigrant Experience,” Utah State Historical Society, (1976): 303-333.

Phillip F. Notarianni, “Short History of the Italians in Utah” In The Peoples of Utah: The Immigrant Experience, https://sites.google.com/site/utahitaly/Home/short-history-on-italians-in-utah

Monsignor Joseph M. Mayo, Interviewed by Brad Westwood, October 26, 2019. Notes in possession of the interviewer.


Post Twenty-seven: Japanese American Community

Alice Kasai and Helen Papanikolas, “Japanese Life in Utah,” The People of Utah, Helen Z. Papanikolas, Ed., (Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1976), 353-362.

Nancy J. Taniguchi, “Japanese Community,”Iin Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah, Leslie G. Kelen and Eileen Hallet Stone, Eds. (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2002), 309-367.

Sarah Fassmann, "Super Salesmen" for the Toughest Sales Job: The Utah Nippo, Salt Lake City's Japanese Americans, and Proving Group Loyalty, 1941-1946,” (Master’s Thesis, Utah State University), https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2283&context=etd.

US Congress, 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Committee on Immigration, Document No. 633; U.S. Government Printing Office, 1911 - Foreign workers, 95, 313-15, https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=fPxFAQAAMAAJ&rdid=book-fPxFAQAAMAAJ&rdot=1.

Leonard J. Arrington, Beet Sugar in the West; a History of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1891–1966 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1966).

“Did You Know? Everything About JA History in Utah,” March 22, 2019, Pacific Citizen

https://www.pacificcitizen.org/did-you-know-everything-about-ja-history-in-utah/.

Matthew C. Godfrey, Religion, Politics, and Sugar: The Mormon Church, the Federal Government, and the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1907–1921 (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2007).

David J. O’Brian and Stephen S. Fugita, Japanese American Experience; (Bloomingdale: Indiana University Press, 1991), 36.

Salt Lake City Directories, 1885-1886.

“Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese (1942),” https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=74

Joel S. Franks, Crossing Sidelines, Crossing Cultures: Sports and Asian Pacific American Culture and Citizenship (Boulder: University Press of America, 2010), 223-225.

Joel S. Franks, Asian American Basketball: A Century of Sports, Community and Culture (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2016), 152-154, 177-178.

Paul R. Spickard,"The Nisei Assume Power: The Japanese Citizens League, 1941-1942." Pacific Historical Review 52, no. 2 (1983): 147-74.


Posts Twenty-eight and Twenty-nine: Mexican Americans, Latino-America, Spanish Speaking Community  

Francisco E Balderrama, Raymond Rodríguez, Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006).

Jeffery Marcos Garcilaza, Traqueros: Mexican Railroad Workers in the United States, 1870-1930, No. 6” In Al Filo: Mexican American Studies Series, Roberto R. Calderon, Ed, (Denton, Texas: University of North Texas Press, 2012), 11-43.

Vincent V. Mayer, et. al., Working Papers toward a History of the Spanish-speaking People of Utah: a report of research of the Mexican-American Documentation Project, occasional paper number 3, American West Center, University of Utah, 1973, https://collections.lib.utah.edu/details?id=1396789&facet_setname_s=%22uum_awcrp%22&q=%28%28Night+AND+Club%29+AND+%28Salt+AND+Lake+AND+City%29%29+AND+%28dance%29.

Gerald G. Nash, The American West in the 20th Century: A Short History of an Urban Oasis (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1977), 32-33.

Mae Ngai, Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), 127-130.

Jerald H. Merrill, “Fifty Years with a Future: Salt Lake’s Guadalupe Mission and Parish,” Utah Historical Quarterly, 40, 3 (1972): 242-264.

Jorge Iber, Hispanics in the Mormon Zion, 1912–1999 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000).

“American Latinos and the Making of the United States: A Theme Study,” National Park System Advisory Board American Latino Scholars Expert Panel Washington, D.C., (2013), 57-69, 280-284.

Interview, Dale “Chuck” Salazar with Brad Westwood, October 24, 2019, 438 East 200 South, Salt Lake City, Utah. Notes in possession of the interviewer.

Edward H. Mayer, “The Evolution of Culture and Traditions in Utah’s Mexican–American Community,” In Being Different, Stories of Utah Minorities, Favorite Readings from the Utah Historical Quarterly, Stanford J Layton, Ed., (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2001), 182-194.

Amy McDonald, “Whatever happened to...La Morena Cafe (aka Guadalupe Center Cafe),” The Salt Lake Tribune, April 14, 2015.

Rebecca Walch, “Analysis: Corradini left her mark on Salt Lake City; scandals left marks on her” March 3, 2015, The Salt Lake Tribune.

Katie McKellar, “Centro Civico Mexicano wins $400K in grants for cleanup, renovations,” December 4, 2016, Deseret News, https://www.ksl.com/article/42393600/centro-civico-mexicano-wins-400k-in-grants-for-cleanup-renovations.


Posts Thirty and Thirty-one: Pioneer Park in the Twentieth Century

John Florez, “Pioneer Park has history of bringing people together,” Jul 19, 2010, Deseret News, , https://www.deseret.com/2010/7/19/20128780/john-florez-pioneer-park-has-history-of-bringing-people-together.

Rod Decker, Utah Politics: The Elephant in the Room (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2019).

Editors, “The Great Recession,” History.com, https://www.history.com/topics/21st-century/recession.

LeRoy W. Hooton, Jr., “The Metropolitan Water District, Salt Lake City, Provo River Project, Deer Creek Reservoir, n.d., Salt Lake City Docs.” http://www.slcdocs.com/utilities/PDF%20Files/deercreek.pdf.

Pioneer Park Coalition, “Park History: For centuries, Pioneer Park has and continues to be a refuge for those who hope to make Salt Lake City their home,” https://www.pioneerpark.co/projects.

Post Thirty-two: Salt Lake City’s LGBTQ Community and the West Side

Seth Anderson, LGBT Salt Lake City (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2017).

“This Day in Gay History,” September 9, 2013, Utah Stonewall Historical Society Archives

http://benwilliamsblogger.blogspot.com/2013/09/this-day-in-gay-utah-history-september_9.html.

The Sumter Daily Item, January 4, 1978,

https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1979&dat=19780104&id=nYciAAAAIBAJ&sjid=bqoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4795,1302171

Babs Delay, “Gay Ol' Utah, Being LGBT in a red state Doesn’t Have to Give you the Blues,” February 18, 2013, Salt Lake City Weekly, https://www.cityweekly.net/utah/gay-ol-utah/Content?oid=2286859.

Courtney Tanner, Scott D. Pierce, “Utah ranks 2nd in nation for supporting laws that protect LGBTQ community,” Salt Lake Tribune, July 22 and 23, 2019, https://www.sltrib.com/news/2019/07/22/utahns-support-laws/.

Posts Thirty-three and Thirty-four: Post-Industrial Neighborhood: Current Challenges and Developments

Melinda Myers Vaughn, “Scary Neighborhood Now Hip Place to Live,” Sep 14, 1995, Deseret News, , https://www.deseret.com/1995/9/14/19192930/scary-neighborhood-now-hip-place-to-live.

“Mission and History” Artspace (Salt Lake City), https://artspaceutah.org/about-us/mission-and-history.

Matthew Piper, “'Operation Rio Grande' launched near homeless shelter with arrests, big jump in police presence," August 14, 2017, The Salt Lake Tribune

Taylor W. Anderson, “Downtown’s Pioneer Park to get a facelift with new multi-use field and lights;” August 1, 2018, Salt Lake Tribune,

https://www.sltrib.com/news/politics/2018/08/01/downtowns-pioneer-park/.

Callen Jolley, "Commentary: Operation Rio Grande is driven by fearmongering," September 9, 2017, The Salt Lake Tribune.

Ben Winslow, "The price tag for Operation Rio Grande? $67 million," August 28, 2017, fox13now.com.

 

Katia Pace, Staff Report, Pioneer Park Alternations (Major Alteration – PLNHLC2017-01070) Salt Lake City Historic Landmark Commission, February 1, 2018, http://www.slcdocs.com/Planning/HLC/2018/1070.pdf.

Doug Smith, “How Salt Lake City Upended the System to Use Police and Shelters to Fight Homelessness,” December 22, 2019, Los Angeles Times, https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-12-22/homeless-salt-lake-city-utah-shelter.

 

Jill Remington Love, Interview with Brad Westwood, October 31, 2019. Notes in possession of the interviewer.

Rick Graham, Interview with Brad Westwood, August 26, 2019. Notes in possession of the interviewer.